The 10 Steps of Tutoring
Step 1: Greeting and Climate Setting
Your goal is to set the session up for success.
Step 2: Identify the Task
By keeping the tutee involved in the organization of the session, they are in charge of the learning that will take place. It also continues to foster their independence.
Step 3: Breaking the Task into Parts
This approach reinforces the idea that the task requires distinct pieces to accomplish and suggests there is a sequence to accomplishing them.
Step 4: Identify the Underlying Thought Processes
This is a very important step in the tutoring process. It helps the tutee develop a learning strategy for problems of this type and it gives them practice applying their strategy.
Step 5: Setting an Agenda
In a drop-in center the agenda is a flexible one since you must circulate around the room helping all students. This step helps to keep the student on task while they are in the center.
Step 6: Addressing the Tasks
It is at this step that you conduct the tutoring session and help the tutee learn the information. Remember that you are not the sole source of information. The course resources should also be utilized to help the tutee become proficient in using them.
Step 7: Tutee Summary of Content
Having the tutee summarize what they just learned allows them to convert the information from short-term memory to long-term memory. Once in long-term memory the tutee can begin to recall the information independent of tutoring.
Step 8: Tutee Summary of Underlying Thought Process
This step is the companion to step 4 and it’s necessary to have the tutee summarize the thought process as they understand it. Often you must act to make this step happen.
Step 9: Confirmation and Feedback
This reassures the tutee that they can now do similar work independently and be successful.
Step 10: Closing and Goodbye
Ending on a positive note encourages the tutee to continue to seek tutorial assistance. This continued assistance will lead to the tutee’s academic independence, the ultimate tutorial goal.